Cause And Cure Of Vomitting Of 2 Yrs Old Child Ascariasis – Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

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Ascariasis – Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Definition

ascariasis is a human disease. It is caused by the parasitic roundworm name as Ascaris lumbricoides. Perhaps as many as a quarter of the world’s people are infected, and ascariasis is particularly prevalent in tropical regions and in areas of poor hygiene. Other species of the genus Askaris are parasitic and can cause diseases in domestic animals.

However, they can be accompanied by inflammation, fever and diarrhea, and serious problems can develop if the worms migrate to other parts of the body.

Causes

Ascariasis is the most common intestinal worm infection. It is found in association with poor personal hygiene, poor sanitation. In many developing countries, human feces are used for fertilizer, or poor sanitation facilities allow human waste to mix with local soil in yards, ditches, and fields. The eggs can survive in soil for years to reinfect members of the community. The eggs infect their hosts when humans eat the contaminated vegetables and fruits grown in that soil. Once in the stomach, immature worms hatch from the eggs. The larvae are carried through the lungs and then to the throat where they are swallowed. Once swallowed, they reach the intestines and develop into adult worms. While moving through the lungs the larvae can produce an unusual form of pneumonia called eosinophilic pneumonia.

It is estimated that 1 billion people are infected worldwide. Ascariasis occurs at all ages, although children seem to be affected more severely than adults.

Symptoms

Although no symptoms may occur, the greater the number of worms involved in the infestation, the more severe a child’s symptoms are likely to be. Children are more likely than adults to develop gastrointestinal symptoms because they have smaller intestines and are at greater risk of developing intestinal obstruction. The following symptoms can be seen with a mild infestation:

  • worms in feces
  • coughing up worms
  • loss of appetite
  • fever
  • wheezing
  • vomiting
  • shortness of breath
  • abdominal distension
  • severe stomach or abdominal pain
  • intestinal blockage
  • blockage of the bile duct

More than 796 Ascaris lumbricoides worms weighing 550 g [19 ounces] were recovered at an autopsy of a 2-year-old South African girl. The worms caused torsion and gangrene of the ileum, which was interpreted as the cause of death.

Treatment

Antiparasitic (anthelmintic) medications are the first line of treatment for ascariasis. The most common are mebendazole (Vermox), albendazole (Albenza) and pyrantel. These medications work by killing the adult worms as well as the larvae and eggs to prevent reinfection. You may have mild gastrointestinal side effects during the course of treatment, and you may need to take several doses to clear the infestation completely.

Some recent studies exist in the medical literature suggesting that sun-dried papaya seeds can reduce infections by a large factor. The adult dose is one spoonful of the seed powder in a glass of sugar water once a week for two weeks.

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