How Much Sleep Does 4 1 2 Year Old Need The 4 Step Hierarchy of Happiness

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The 4 Step Hierarchy of Happiness

Scientists are practical people. Instead of looking deeply into why certain things happen the way they do, they are quite happy to observe and know what is going on. No scientist knows why two masses of matter attract, yet they have successfully found a universal relationship that determines the forces of attraction. Maybe they don’t know how the atom was created? How did protons and neutrons get into the nucleus? How did the electrons come to revolve around the nucleus? Yet they accurately measured the size and charges of the atom and predicted its behavior.

Gilbert Newton Lewis, the famous American physical chemist known for the discovery of covalent bonding, was right

A scientist is a practical person and his practical (i.e. practically achievable) goals. He is not looking for the final, but close. He is not talking about the last analysis, but rather about the next approximation.

The scientific study of mental processes and human behavior is called psychology. The word “psychology” is a combination of two terms – study (ology) and soul (psyche). The word “psyche” comes from Latin, meaning breath, life or soul. However, this meaning has changed over the years until today, and the subject of psychology as studied in colleges and universities today has very little to do with the mind and absolutely nothing to do with the soul or spirit (sntp. net/psychology_definition.htm).

Over the years, psychologists have avoided the cause of human behavior; and dismissed the study of mind and soul from the field of psychology. As a result, they know what’s going on; do they rarely know why it happens?

Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

One of the most interesting and time-tested theories of psychology is the “hierarchy of needs” of human beings, discovered by Maslow. It stated that every person is motivated by needs. Only when lower level needs are satisfied does a person move on to the next level of needs. These hierarchies of needs are

1. Physiological or biological needs: air, food, drink, shelter, sex, sleep

2. Security needs: protection, safety, law

3. Needs for belonging or love: Friends, family, lover, spouse

4. Self-esteem needs: Success, recognition, respect

5. Self-actualization: Explore inner talent, creativity

This theory of needs has been widely used by all people across the spectrum of society. An industry manager uses this law to motivate his employees, leaders use this principle to motivate their compatriots, and parents use this principle to motivate their children.

While the world was quick to use this theory to motivate people, it never understood why such needs in human beings arise in this hierarchical manner.

The answer to this question lies not with scientists, who only know what can be seen and measured, but with philosophers and spiritual leaders who can go beyond the matter.

Hierarchy of happiness

Indian philosophies held that the ultimate goal of all humans is happiness (Ananda). Every person wants to be happy in their life. He has an innate desire to be happy, and when he moves in a certain direction, he receives happiness.

What is the direction?

While scientists believe that there is nothing beyond matter and man is nothing more than a combination of biochemical elements, the scriptures believe that every man is created for the basic elements. These four elements are

1. The body

2. Mind

3. Soul

4. Spirit

Every person, like every living creature, is constantly evolving in his life, passing from the stage of body to mind, from soul to spirit. The ultimate goal of man according to Indian scriptures is to unite with the spirit or divine and attain salvation i.e. to unite with God (Spirit). Once salvation is achieved, one is freed from the cycle of birth and death and always remains in God or Spirit as one’s soul unites with God.

Every person is driven by the same desire in their soul, which always seeks connection with God or the Holy Spirit. Maslow calls this desire of the soul a “need” because a person desires what his soul desires.

A person who resists the desire of the soul is like a person who tries to swim against the current. It wastes a lot of energy and soon becomes completely exhausted. Such a person always feels pain, anxiety and fatigue, because nature always forces itself to return to zero.

A person who moves in the direction or flow does not need to make any effort to move and attains happiness. So the key insight is to know the direction each soul is seeking. Accordingly, the source of happiness can be divided into four classes, which are like four target positions to identify the right path. One can reach his goal by reaching these goals step by step. The four steps of happiness are as follows

(1) Physical happiness

Every person is first a body. If his physical needs are not met, he cannot search further. So the first requirement is the happiness of the body and senses. Therefore, it is very important to have good food and drink. Furthermore, the body enjoys the comfort and relaxation that can be achieved through living and relaxing. Pleasure from the reproductive organs is achieved through sexual activities.

Thus, the physiological needs defined by Maslow are those necessary for the enjoyment of the body and the senses. It would not be appropriate to call it a need, because the body can digest any food and turn it into energy. Yet one does not wish to eat grass, even if it will satisfy one’s hunger. A man who is only able to satisfy his physical needs cannot advance to the next level unless he truly enjoys his body and feels happy and satisfied.

However, all physical pleasures are momentary because they exist only as long as the senses are in contact with the object. The taste of food lasts only as long as it is in the mouth. Therefore, man seeks security for his physical pleasure, which Mosley called security needs.

(2) Mental happiness

The body and the senses seek the sensual pleasure that comes from the contact of the body and the senses with the object. While such happiness will always be required in one’s life, just as the demand of the body will last, one also seeks happiness of the mind.

Just as the body feels happy only when it is in contact with other bodies (material things), the mind feels happy when it is in contact with other minds. This means that each mind tries to know what lies in the minds of others. One can understand the knowledge of the world through study, analysis and experience. That is why a person feels happy when he lives with people he understands and knows. This is what has been called the “belongingness or love needs.” In short, the mind of man attains its happiness when it is understood by others and he understands others. This is often called love or friendship.

While mental happiness is achieved through the meeting of minds, the human mind strives to create a harmony of all minds so that all conflicts can be removed. This means convincing others of what is on one’s mind and learning from others what is on others’ minds in order to find consensus. This is often called the need for respect, because at this stage one tries to know everything so as not to face any surprises, because every mind becomes predictable to the one who knows all minds. Such a person is highly respected in the society and has a high position due to his ability to know the mind of other people and society.

(3) Happiness of the soul

A person, even if he knows everything, does not stop developing, as every person must develop towards the soul on his life’s journey. Knowing the soul goes beyond knowing the mind. The soul is the essence of a person, as DNA is the essence of a cell. Just as there are billions of cells in the human body, all of which are different and designed for a specific role, the same is true for humans.

Every person is designed by nature to perform a certain function. Therefore, each person’s soul is different from any other soul in the world. Accordingly, each is designed for a unique function in this world. However, most people always follow their parents and peers and never show up. They know others, but they don’t know themselves.

The discovery of the Self is the knowledge of the soul of the Self. This path is a source of great happiness. Every man is happy when he understands himself and does the work for which he is destined. People like Gandhi, Buddha were the happiest people because they were doing what nature planned them to do. Gandhi was quite unhappy as a lawyer, a profession decided for him by his parents. The Buddha also renounced his kingdom to discover himself, thereby achieving happiness for himself and the world. In modern times, Bill Gate left his colleague to become what he did best.

Maslow called this stage self-actualization, which is defined as “man’s desire to become more and more of what he is and to become all that he is capable of becoming.” In the spiritual sense, self-realization is the same as self-realization that gives happiness to the soul.

(4) Spiritual happiness

While self-actualization seems like the end of the road based on Maslow’s law, it is actually just the beginning of the final door to happiness that is truly eternal. Even after a man knows himself and does everything he is best at, he still feels a vacuum in his life. The reason is that even when he becomes happy, he cannot stop feeling unhappy when he sees the pain in other men’s lives.

The self’s awareness of the pain of others is caused by the presence of the Holy Spirit or God throughout the universe. Because of this spirit, all souls are linked like beads in a garland. Therefore, one can never be truly happy if others in the world are not happy.

This spiritual nature of man compels one to make others happy as well. A person who begins to help others as he helps himself is extremely lucky. In such a situation, even the pain of one’s own self becomes pleasure when it results in the happiness of others. Such a person can suffer any pain and humiliation and even happily lay down his life if it is needed for the happiness of others. When one is in this stage of life, one’s material desire ceases and one becomes truly divine as one’s soul unites with God, the Supreme Creator.

One who reaches this stage will never return to pain and unhappiness in his life. This is truly the path to eternal happiness.

Find happiness here and now

Although man’s evolution requires man to go from body to mind to soul to spirit, yet man can always speed up this process once he understands that the ultimate source of happiness lies in being spiritual. Most people cannot even progress beyond the mental stage because they never even try to know themselves. For such a person, spirituality is incomprehensible and happiness is always an elusive dream.

One does not have to satisfy lower needs first in order to move to higher needs, for one is always body, mind, soul, and spirit. Thus, a person can always begin his self-realization or spiritual development without wasting time to fully satisfy his physical and mental needs. These desires are truly never insatiable because most people spend their lives satisfying the desires of the body and mind until the end of their lives.

The key to happiness is not to avoid the needs of the body and mind, but always remember that the ultimate source of happiness lies in the happiness of the soul and spirit, which can be achieved by any person if he wishes to go in the right direction.

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